Round Table

Round table is a session with neither a formal presentation nor an abstract, however fulfilling discussion in a specific theme will be provided by the moderators and participants.

  • Taking possession of the history: reconstructions, allusions and simulacra for urban revival
  • Discussing the Teaching and Design of Planning History Courses
  • Getting Published
  • The Routledge Handbook of Planning History
  • Creative Port Cities: Transnational Spatial Practices and Cultural Exchange
  • Professor Michael Hebbert talks English-language publication for international readership: the challenge and the reward
  • Shrinking Planning in the Historical Planning Context

 


14. Taking possession of the history: reconstructions, allusions and simulacra for urban revival

Mon. July 16, 2018
Session 2 (2:00PM-3:45PM)
Room 9, Yokohama Port Opening Hall

Moderators:

Aleksey Krasheninnikov, Professor, Moscow Architectural Institute
Andreas Butter, Ph.D., IRS Erkner, Germany

History of urban planning has witnessed an impressive variety of reconstructions of buildings from Ancient Rome, Gothic, Baroques or Chinese styles, showing us striking comparative perspectives, cross-cultural allusions and borrowings. Every reconstruction fits into a certain political, economic and technological framework and rises questions of authenticity by the professional community and public.

Global examples of the late XX and early XXI century are the most dominating and arguable. The Frankfurt am Main center, developed in the 1950s-70s is being replaced widely by constructions clamed to be authentic of the medieval city. The Stadtschloss in Berlin where they applied a 3-D-technologie is another example on the site of the demolished 1970s Palace of the Republic. In Moscow, they have reconstructed several churches ruined in the anti-religious Soviet campaign, replacing socialist objects, changing urban plans. An upcoming past is replacing a vanished future of Modernism.

The current wave of reconstructions of architectural losses, due to different reasons or simulacra borrowed from other cultures or locations have become new epicenters of urban transformations. Sometimes, we see correct archeological reconstructions, in others – just an idea, or an image of a certain cultural time period. Urban historical allusions, have become very popular for commercial, social and cultural purposes, encouraging tourists to visit, identities to be built, or the hospitality business to flourish. Champs Elysees simulacrum in China or Disneyland parks worldwide, Las Vegas themes in the US ensure worldwide scalability of urban patterns. Reconstructions interpret history in many ways and can be more convincing than the reality at times. At times, reconstructions affect preservation practices and devaluate existing landmarks.

Key words: Urban planning, reconstructions, urban simulacrum, architectural losses, urban historical allusions, cultural borrowings.

We hope to receive contributions, which would help us to understand urban trends, purposes of reconstructions and their roles in the current urban planning, seeking for the answers to the following questions:

  • How aesthetic, psychological and political motives interact with each other in respect to the national and local histories and who are the initiators of reconstructions?
  • When are reconstructions considered as a tool for the healing of urban traumas or, vice versa, causing public disagreement?
  • Under which circumstances could reconstructions be seen as intentional signifiers of social values of a past period and for what reason this period is chosen?
  • What are the economic reasons for the reconstructions or allusions: attracting tourists, customers or land valuation? How have city-images changed?
  • What do the newly created urban highlights effect the overall layout of human habitats?”

40. Discussing the Teaching and Design of Planning History Courses

Tue. July 17, 2018
Session 4 (9:15AM-11:00AM)
Room 7, Yokohama Port Opening Hall

Moderators:

Ian Morley, Associate Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR
Carola Hein, Professor, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

Participants:

Chris Silver, Professor, University of Florida, USA
Richard Hu, Associate Professor, University of Canberra, Australia
Renato Leão Rego Professor, Universidade Estadual de Maringa, Brazil
Mo Sedighi, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

A well-designed curriculum bestows learners a coherent series of intellectual experiences. But to successfully design a syllabus the teacher must not only rationally compose a variety of learning situations he/she must also be acquainted with internal and external influences. As such instructors as a matter of course when designing learning activities need to not only pay attention to departmental and institutional teaching assessment strategies but moreover professional accreditation requirements and broad debates within academic communities about what thematically is/is not relevant to learners today.

In this roundtable, designed principally for graduate students, dialogue is to be tendered on current issues associated with Planning History curriculum design. Scholars from a range of academic fields will not only introduce their approaches to designing curricula but moreover will identify what they see as key contemporary and future issues in the design and teaching of Planning History courses. Topics such as eLearning, interdisciplinary schooling and Planning History’s role and relevance, planning design paradigms, urban environmental transformations plus pedagogical shifts within higher education and the impact of the evolving planning marketplace will be discussed.


53. Getting Published

Tue. July 17, 2018
Session 5 (11:15AM-1:00PM)
Small Meeting Room, Yokohama Information Culture Center

Moderators:

David Goldfield, Robert Lee Bailey Professor of History, UNC-Charlotte, Editor, Journal of Urban History
John R. Gold, Professor, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom
Margaret Gold, Senior Lecturer, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom

The purpose of the Roundtable is to inform attendees how to publish a scholarly article in our journals and related journals.  Each of us will take ten minutes to explain the mission of our journal, the editorial review process, the mechanics of “revise and resubmit,” and, most important, how to tailor the manuscript to suit the editorial criteria of the particular journal.  We then open the floor for questions, and this portion of the Roundtable is often the most rewarding for the attendees.  This is especially so for our junior colleagues and graduate students.  It is surprising to us how little tutelage graduate students and junior faculty have had from their advisers in developing a scholarly article for publication.  Our publishing Roundtables have been very well attended in the past, and we feel that word has gotten out that this is a worthwhile “nuts and bolts” session to attend.


27. The Routledge Handbook of Planning History

Tue. July 17, 2018
Session 6 (2:45PM-4:30PM)
Lecture Hall, Yokohama Port Opening Hall

Moderator:

Carola Hein, Professor, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands

Participants:

John Gold, Professor, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom
Margaret Gold, Senior Lecturer, London Metropolitan University, United Kingdom
André Sorensen, Professor, University of Toronto Scarborough, Canada
Dirk Schubert, Professor, HafenCity University, Germany
Javier Monclús, Professor, University of Zaragoza, Spain
Carmen Díez Medina, Associate Professor, University of Zaragoza, Spain
Robert Home

Planning history is a discipline with diverse terminology, multiple interpretations and manifold applications through space and over time and the methodological and theoretical approaches towards planning history reflect that. The Handbook of Planning History starts with the assumption that planning is a flexible system rather than a fixed one. Taking a networked, cross-cultural, balanced approach, and writing from different vantage points, the Handbook explores spatial traditions and cultural landscapes. This session brings together nine authors from the handbook to present their work and to reflect on the next steps of writing planning history for the future. It first explores the development, state and goals of planning history, highlighting diverse global approaches. It then investigates the reasons for pursuing such historical investigation both in regard to past and future practice of planning and finally provides indications as to the ways in which planning history may work in the future before outlining the overall concept of the Handbook.

The authors have respectively written or contributed to the following chapters:

  1. Planning History and Theory: Institutions, Comparison, and Temporal Processes, André Sorensen
  2. Global Systems Foundations of the Discipline: Colonial, Post-Colonial and Other Power Structures, Robert Home
  3. The Ancient Past in the Urban Present: The Use of Early Models in Urban Design, Michael E. Smith, Carola Hein
  4. Urbanisme, Urbanismo, Urbanistica: Latin European Urbanism, Javier Monclús, Carmen Díez Medina
  5. Planning Latin American Cities, Maria Cristina da Silva Leme, Vera Lucia Motta Rezende
  6. Translating the Idioms of Japanese Planning, Carola Hein
  7. Ports and Urban Waterfronts, Dirk Schubert
  8. Urban Segments and Event Spaces: World’s Fairs and Olympic Sites, John R. Gold, Margaret M. Gold
  9. Global Suburbanization in Planning History, André Sorensen
  10. Opposition, Participation, and Community Driven Planning Histories, Dirk Schubert

61. Creative Port Cities: Transnational Spatial Practices and Cultural Exchange

Wed. July 18, 2018
Session 7 (9:15AM-11:00AM)
Room 7, Yokohama Port Opening Hall

Moderator:

Stephen J. Ramos, Associate Professor, University of Georgia, U.S.A.

Participants:

Dirk Schubert, Professor, HafenCity University, Germany
Michael Kress, Artist, Hamburg, Germany.
Yoshie Ota, Curator, Spiral/Wacoal Art Center, Yokohama, Japan.
Jan Derk Diekema, Director, HaVik; Artist, Groningen, the Netherlands.
James A. Enos, Artist, Assistant Professor of Art, University of Georgia, U.S.A.

Port city research is a specific methodological and historiographical approach that is “multidimensional, interdisciplinary, and a networked analysis of nodes in larger networks.” The roundtable will emphasize transdisciplinary nature of port cities to explore themes of planning, the public sphere, and cross-cultural exchange among port municipalities from around the world.  ZOU-NO-HANA TERRACE, the site of the port‘s first historic quayside, now promotes multi-dimensional and sustainable mutual exchange among international artists, municipal administrators, and cultural facility staff. After an introductory discussion of contemporary challenges in port re-imagination, the panel of artists and planning historians will consider ZOU-NO-HANA TERRACE to engage in a discussion of how profound, meaningful cultural exchange can reactivate waterfronts and open broader civic engagement among global publics.


71. Professor Michael Hebbert talks English-language publication for international readership: the challenge and the reward

Wed. July 18, 2018
Session 8 (11:15AM-1:00PM)
Hall, Yokohama Information Culture Center

Coordinator:

Sadatsugu Nishiura, Professor, Meisei University

Main Speaker:

Michael Hebbert, Emeritus Professor, UCL Bartlett School of Planning

Speakers:

Fukuo Akimoto, Emeritus Professor, Kyushu University
Keiro Hattori, Professor, Ryukoku University
Kosuke Matsubara, Associate Professor, Tsukuba University
Fu Shulan, Associate Professor, Zhejiang University

Quite a few young scholars in the non-English-speaking countries feel difficulty in writing a paper in English. Their problems are not only those of translation but also those of theme setting, methodology, logical structure, writing style and so on. Japan hosts the IPHS conference for the first time in 30 years, expecting a number of participants from the non-English-speaking world including East Asia. Taking this opportunity, this roundtable session aims to encourage young scholars from the
non-English-speaking world to write English-language papers for international peer-reviewed journals.

In the first half of the session, Professor Michael Hebbert, the former editor of Planning Perspectives, the premier international peer-reviewed journal affiliated to the International Planning History Society (IPHS), will give a lecture on how to write an English paper for the international readership on the basis of his long and rich experience as the editor, while in the latter half the audience including speakers will have question-answer dialogues with him.


69. Shrinking Planning in the Historical Planning Context

Wed. July 18, 2018
Session 9 (2:00PM-3:45PM)
Hall, Yokohama Information Culture Center

Moderator:

Keiro Hattori, Professor, Ryukoku University, JAPAN

Participants:

Kiyonobu Kaido, Professor, Meijo University
Tomohiko Yoshida, Professor, Ritsumeikan University, Japan
Mihoko Matsuyuki, Associate Professor, Yokohama National University, Japan

This table discusses how the idea of shrinking planning can be evaluated in a historical perspective of city planning. Is it a contemporary approach or more permanent approach that may be considered as a common way of dealing the population change of the city? This roundtable discusses how shrinking planning will be recognized in a historical planning context. It will mainly focus on Stadtumbau Program that was implemented in former GDR states in Germany and also some vacant housing and vacant land planning policy in Japan.

The scheduled participants at this moment are: Keiro Hattori (Professor, Meijigakuin University, with a knowledge of shrinking policy in Japan and East Germany), Kiyonobu Kaido (Professor, Meijo University, with a knowledge of compact city policy in Japan), Tomohiko Yosida (Professor, Ritsumeikan University, with a knowledge of suburban shrinking problem in Japan) and Mihoko Matusuyuki (Associate Professor, Yokohama National University, with a knowledge of current planning issues).


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